In accordance with the list of research works for 2017 and the prospected period of 2018 and 2019, which was approved by the Federal Forestry Agency order №552 of 26 December 2016, the Institute carries out two research works on climate change:

  1. "Assessment of the impact of silvicultural operations on the carbon cycle in managed forests of forest-steppe and steppe of the European part of the Russian Federation".

2. "Development of adaptation scenarios for forest management in the managed forests of forest-steppe and steppe of the European part of the Russian Federation in light of the expected climate change".

  1. "Assessment of the impact of silvicultural operations on the carbon cycle in managed forests of forest-steppe and steppe of the European part of the Russian Federation".

Work objective is to appraise the impact of silvicultural operations on the carbon cycle in managed forests of forest-steppe and steppe of the European part of the Russian Federation (hereafter referred to as "the region in question") in light of the expected climate change.

Research tasks are:

- to appraise the current state of the problem of implementation of silvicultural operations when managing the carbon cycle in forest ecosystems of the region in question;

- to identify and describe the main types of forest ecosystems within the region in question;

- to identify the main types of silvicultural operations in managed forests of the region in question;

 - to examine the effects of implementation of silvicultural operations on the carbon cycle in different types of forest ecosystems of the region in question (the main carbon streams and carbon balance);

- to give an overall appraisal of the effects of silvicultural operations when managing the carbon cycle in managed forests of the region in question in different time perspective(short-term and long-term effects).

Climate conditions have a significant impact on the carbon cycle. The climate of the Earth has been and still is formed and influenced by a lot of factors. As a result of the analysis of temperature and carbon dioxide content changes in the atmosphere over the past 400 million years (the Phanerozoic era – the time of visible life) climatologists have found that the process of global cooling on the surface of the continents is parallel to the decrease in the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. Gaseous carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), (NO2), – so-called greenhouse gases accumulating in the atmosphere in significant quantities change the transparency of the troposphere which increases temperature and causes the greenhouse effect.

  1. "Development of adaptation scenarios for forest management in the managed forests of forest-steppe and steppe of the European part of the Russian Federation in light of the expected climate change".

Work objective is to develop the adaptation scenarios for forest management in the managed forests of the region in question in light of the expected climate change.

Research tasks are:

- to appraise the most likely changes in forest cover that require special adaptation measures of different advance time adjusted for natural and territorial conditions;

- to identify the main elements of the forest management system of the region in question which require adaptation to changing climatic conditions;

- to develop adaptation scenarios for the forest management system of the region in question

 in light of the expected climate changes.

A literature review has shown that current global climate changes are undeniable. Their impact extends to forest ecosystems as well. So in the region in question these changes will inevitably have an impact on the forest productivity, species composition, biological diversity, fire risks and increasing negative influence of pests and diseases.

Development of adaptation scenarios for forest management to climate changes involves studies on assessment of the impact of observed and forecasted climate changes and related sustainability of production process in light of both total forestry production and productivity of individual forest species at the Federal and regional levels.

Яндекс.Метрика